After graduating from Southampton and Bristol universities, and qualifying as a probation officer, spent 37years in the service in Notts, Devon, West Midlands, Hampshire (Chief officer) and London (Chief officer). Pioneered Community service by offenders as a national pilot for the Home office and in the eighties piloted for the Home office victim-offender restitution. Parole board member 2001 to 2007. Former Chair and trustee of Addaction, a major drug and alcohol treatment agency for users, Trustee of the Penoptical trust, providing offenders with optical skills, trustee of Footprints, mentoring service for ex-offenders in Dorset and Hants. Worked for EU as a team leader in Russia (2007-2009) Turkey (2010/11) and Serbia (2012). Visiting Professor of Criminal Justice studies at Hertfordshire University (2001-2009), Visiting Professor United Nations Far Eastern Institute (1991-1999), Fuchu, Japan. Freeman of the Educators and Freeman of the Spectacle makers. Appointed CBE for services to Probation in 2001.